Female economists are invited to write short non-technical summaries of some of their recent work. These are published below.
12th December 2022
Flexible Wages, Bargaining, and The Gender Gap
Non-technical summary written by Barbara Biasi
Women are often believed to be reluctant to negotiate for higher pay. This could give a workplace advantage to men and exacerbate gender pay gaps. Evidence from lab experiments generally supports this hypothesis, showing that women avoid situations in which they have to negotiate or bargain. As individually based compensation becomes more prevalent even in traditionally unionized sectors, due to the passage of right-to-work laws, understanding whether flexible pay penalizes women is key to understanding the sources of the gender wage gap.
5th October 2022
Inter-Group Contact, Racial Stereotypes and Academic Performance
Non technical summary written by: Lucia Corno (Cattolica University Milan)
Contemporary societies have become increasingly diverse, and prejudice and stereotypes towards certain groups are at the forefront of public debate. Stereotypes may induce distortions in economic and social behavior, generating adverse consequences for groups subject to negative stereotypes, including unequal access to economic, social and political opportunities.
Can increased interaction between groups reduce stereotypes about out-group members?Read full summary
19th August 2022
Maternal Labor Supply: Perceived Returns, Constraints, and Social Norms
Non technical summary written by: Teodora Boneva (University of Bonn)
Mothers with young children face the decision of working full-time, part-time, or not at all. They decide very differently: in Germany, for example, approximately 36% of mothers worked full-time, 37% worked part-time, and 27% did not work at all in 2019 (OECD Family Database). Various determinants of female labor supply have been examined in the literature, including family policies, cultural norms, the availability of childcare, and part-time employment opportunities. A factor that has received little attention so far is the perceived return to maternal labor supply: How do people perceive the benefits and costs to mothers working, and how are those beliefs related to maternal labor supply decisions?Read full summary
11th March 2022
Caught between Cultures? Unintended Consequences of Improving Opportunity for Immigrant Girls
Christina Felfe de Ormeno (University of Würzburg)
What happens when immigrant girls are given increased opportunities to integrate into the workplace and society, but their parents value more traditional cultural outcomes?
This paper constructs an identity model which shows how expanding opportunities for immigrant girls can have the unintended consequence of reducing their well-being, since identity-concerned parents will constrain their daughter's choices.
2nd April 2021
The Long-Term Effects of Covid-19 School Closures
Nicola Fuchs-Schündeln (Goethe Universität Frankfurt)
After the outbreak of the COVID-19 crisis in the spring of 2020, politicians worldwide closed schools and child-care centers in an effort to contain the virus. According to the World Bank, around 1.6 billion school children were affected by these closures at their peak (World Bank 2020). Education is a crucial determinant of future wages, and schools are an important driver of intergenerational mobility (Kotera and Seshadri, 2017; Lee and Seshadri, 2019). We thus ask the question: what are the long-run economic impacts of Covid-related school closures on the affected children?Read full summary